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Ray Lema - NangadeefIs this jazz, funk, fusion, rock, afropop, trance, folk?  Western instruments applied to rhythms at once spacious and intricate.  Strange and surprising textures, pizzicato violin, furious guitar, grand piano.  Vocals harmonizing punctuating and surfing above it all – are the lyrics Swahili, Kikongo, Lingala?  I do not need to know.

Ray Lema, Nangadeef, Mango Records, CCD 9829 (1989).  Sleeve Design – Island Art; Photography – Richard Haughton.